Integrated Coastal Resources Management: Lessons from Sri Lanka
ALAN T. WHITE
Sri Lanka has a national coastal zone management programme, mainly to protect the coastal environment in the physical sense. A strategy for integrating coastal resource management in Sri Lanka should address the control of coastal environmental degradation due to fast development, and restoration and sustainable use of coastal resources to achieve specific development goals. Two Special Area Management (SAM) sites on the southern coast of Sri Lanka have implications for integrated Coastal Resource Management (ICRM) in the country which includes nearshore fisheries management. The advantage of SAM and 1CRM is that they can manage complex situations and consider the whole ecosystem including its human participants and political forces. The SAM process of joint efforts by national and local government working collaboratively with community groups may hold a large potential for improved coastal management.